History and culture

The geographical setting of Rellinars, meant that it was an important historical crossroads. Luckily it has managed to avoid the many historic battles that took place in the surrounding area and remain unspoilt today.

The “Cami Ral”, from Barcelona to Manresa, crosses part of this village; the “coll d’en Topes”, in the Obac mountain range, connects the mountain range near the coast with the flat plains of the Bages region.

The old church of San Pedro and San Fermín, dates back to 951, but many of the village’s features date back to Roman times. A lauda votiva of Roman origin has been found which dates back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD and the local church houses a pre-Romanesque altar. The nearby remains of a necropolis with anthropomorphic tombs suggests that an Iberian-Roman settlement provided Rellinars with its earliest inhabitants.

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The first specific references to the name of the village date back to 1118, after a donati
Casajoanaon was made by the Señor de Montcada and Vacarissa to Carbonell de Castellet, to assist the running of the Farreras farmhouse mills.

The parish of Rellinars belonged to the Monastery of Pedralbes and in 1532 became a subsidiary of the castle of Vacarisses and did not gain independence until 1878, following many years of lawsuits.

At first, it was large farmhouses which made up the small hamlet. They were built around the church and along the river of Rellinars and Casajoana and Esbarzer lakes.

The lands of the village were cultivated from the Middle Ages onwards. Taking advantage of the abundance of water, the locals grew linseed, vegetables, fruit, pulses and enjoyed the rich offerings of the nearby forest.

CastelldebocsThe growth of agriculture and in particular vine growing,

brought workers in from the neighbouring regions and the village started to grow.

At the end of the 19th century, the phylloxera disease and the subsequent loss of forest land, brought a reduction in the population. Rellinars then became a popular summer retreat, particularly for people in the surrounding region of Vallés occidental, some of whom are descendants of the village’s original inhabitants.